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Precolonial literature[ edit ] Examples of pre-colonial African literature are numerous. In Ethiopiathere is a substantial literature written in Ge'ez going back at least to the fourth century AD; the best-known work in this tradition is the Kebra Negastor "Book of Kings.
From Timbuktu alone, there are an estimatedor more manuscripts tucked away in various libraries and private collections,  mostly written in Arabic but some in the native languages namely Fula and Songhai.
The material covers a wide array of topics, including astronomy, poetry, law, history, faith, politics, and philosophy. Medieval north Africa boasted universities such as those of Fes and Cairowith copious amounts of literature to supplement them. Colonial African literature[ edit ] The African works best known in the West from the periods of colonization and the slave trade are primarily slave narrativessuch as Olaudah Equiano 's The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano In the colonial period, Africans exposed to Western languages began to write in those tongues.
Studies in Race Emancipation. During this period, African plays written in English began to emerge. Nongqawuse the Liberator in Among the first pieces of African literature to receive significant worldwide critical acclaim was Things Fall Apartby Chinua Achebe.
Published inlate in the colonial era, Things Fall Apart analyzed the effect of colonialism on traditional African society. Many, indeed, suffered deeply and directly: Postcolonial African literature[ edit ] With liberation and increased literacy since most African nations gained their independence in the s and s, African literature has grown dramatically in quantity and in recognition, with numerous African works appearing in Western academic curricula and on "best of" lists compiled at the end of the 20th century.
African writers in this period wrote both in Western languages notably EnglishFrenchand Portuguese and in traditional African languages such as Hausa. Mazrui and others mention seven conflicts as themes: Female writers are today far better represented in published African literature than they were prior to independence.
InWole Soyinka became the first post-independence African writer to win the Nobel Prize in literature. Previously, Algerian -born Albert Camus had been awarded the prize.
Contemporary developments[ edit ] There is a lot of literary production in Africa since the beginning of the current decadeeven though readers do not always follow in large numbers. The case of the Grand Prix of Literary Associations is quite illustrative.Find details about every creative writing competition—including poetry contests, short story competitions, essay contests, awards for novels, grants for translators, and more—that we’ve published in the Grants & Awards section of Poets & Writers Magazine during the past year.
We carefully review the practices and policies of each contest before including it in the Writing Contests. Established in , Auburn University consistently ranks as one of the best universities in the nation.
Auburn’s students and faculty conduct cutting-edge research into topics such as nuclear science, world hunger, aerodynamics, early childhood education, and supercomputing. All four schools offer MFA programs in creative writing or English, and students at the first university can earn a specialized undergraduate degree in .
The creative writing program helps students develop their storytelling skills, with options for either a general degree or specialization in one of four tracks -- making this one of the best online creative writing programs available.
Discover creative writing scholarships on offer around the world. She has a bachelor's degree in English Literature and Creative Writing from Aberystwyth University and grew up in Staffordshire, UK.
10 of the Best Australian Universities for Graduate Employability in 7. Critical study of literature - poetry, novels, plays - and language.