The arrival of Greek conquerors in the eastern Mediterranean, with their vibrant, expansive culture, presented a major challenge to the Jews, especially to the theocracy of Judaea. The product was a multifaceted, cosmopolitan and secular civilization. Initially, the Jews were ruled by the Greeks of Alexandria.
Etruscans, Greeks, and Romans The Etruscans dominated the central part of the Italic peninsula during the late 8th through the 6th centuries BC. Their economy depended largely on trade, and their commercial contacts favored the Greek colonies in Southern Italy and Sicily.
They imported Greek pottery in great quantity, and, in fact, much of the Greek pottery preserved to us from antiquity was found in Etruscan tombs. Etruscans were influential in transforming Rome into an urban center in the 6th century BC and Roman tradition identifies a family of Etruscans, the Tarquins, as the last dynastic rulers of Rome.
Although their civilization was eventually eclipsed by Roman rule, their legacy lived on in Roman customs and culture. The Greeks were the pre-eminent merchants of the Mediterranean world. During the height of Greek civilization their city-states dominated the economy of the entire Mediterranean region.
The Greeks were also energetic colonizers.
Alexander the Great d. His successors brought about an unparalleled expansion of Greek civilization in which Greek language and culture became the koine, the most common and acceptable way of life. It was the genius of the Romans to transform Greek ideals and the ways of their Etruscan forerunners into their own civilized and highly organized way of life.
During the 4th and 3rd centuries BC they absorbed many parts of Italy, including the Etruscan homeland.
Roman norms embraced the empire, incorporating peoples of various races, language groups, and cultural backgrounds.The Romans and the Greeks had quite a bit in common in architecture and art but when comes down to smaller details, they become distinctly different. The Romans and the Greeks both used lots of marble in their statues, specifically white marble.
The contributions to of Ancient Greece are all around us. The major achievements Greece had were art and architecture, government, and theatre..
One of the biggest Greek .
May 08, · Roman mythology, like that of the Greeks, contained a number of gods and goddesses, and because of the early influence of Greece on the Italian peninsula and the ever-present contact with Greek culture, the Romans adopted not only their stories but also many of their gods, renaming a number of them.
Nov 16, · History of Europe - Greeks, Romans, and barbarians: The main treatment of Classical Greek and Roman history is given in the articles Aegean civilizations; ancient Greek civilization; Hellenistic Age; ancient Italic people; and ancient Rome.
Only a brief cultural overview is offered here, outlining the influence of Greeks and Romans on European history. Jul 21, · Ancient Greece's greatest contributions to the world Olympic games- the international sports competition in which almost every country participates in.
democracy- It means rule by the people.
Athenian Greeks might have invented democracy but power was in the hands of wealthy merchants. Romans who aspired to the same ideal were also the elite few. The Roman contribution to the history of medicine is often overlooked, with only Galen, of Greek origin, believed to be notable of mention.
However, this does the Romans a great disservice and they put their excellent engineering skills to use in preventative medicine.