A mood is also the prevailing emotion found not only in people but also in literature, music, and other expressive arts. Moods set the overall tone for speech or writing and are an important element in literature as well as in everyday life.
The International History Project The Babylonian civilization, which endured from the 18th until the 6th century BC, was, like the Sumerian that preceded it, urban in character, although based on agriculture rather than industry.
The country consisted of a dozen or so cities, surrounded by villages and hamlets. At the head of the political structure was the king, a more or less absolute monarch who exercised legislative and judicial as well as executive powers.
Under him was a group of appointed governors and administrators. Mayors and councils of city elders were in charge of local administration. History of the Babylonians and the region of Babylonia Babylon Chronology And History An essential condition for adequate knowledge of an ancient people is the possession of a continuous historical tradition in the form of oral or written records.
This, however, in spite of the mass of contemporaneous documents of almost every sort, which the spade of the excavator has unearthed and the skill of the scholar deciphered, is not available for scientific study of Babylonian or Assyrian antiquity.
From the far-off morning of the beginnings of the two peoples to their fall, no historians appeared to gather up the memorials of their past, to narrate and preserve the annals of these empires, to hand down their achievements to later days.
Consequently, where contemporaneous records fail, huge gaps occur in the course of historical development, to be bridged over only partially by the combination of a few facts with more or less ingenious inferences or conjectures.
Sometimes what has been preserved from a particular age reveals clearly enough the artistic or religious elements of its life, but offers only vague hints of its political activity and progress. The true perspective of the several periods is sometimes lost, as when really critical epochs in the history of these peoples are dwarfed and distorted by a lack of sources of knowledge, while others, less significant, but plentifully stocked with a variety of available material, bulk large and assume an altogether unwarranted prominence.
What the Babylonians and Assyrians failed to do in supplying a continuous historical record was not accomplished for them by the later historians of antiquity. Herodotus, in the first Book of his "Histories," devotes twenty-three chapters to Babylonian affairs Bk.
But the latter, if written, has been utterly lost, and the chapters just mentioned, while containing information of value, especially that which he himself collected on the ground, or drew from an earlier traveller, presumably Hecataeus of Miletus, give distorted and fantastic legends where sober history might be expected.
Ctesias of Cnidos, physician at the court of Artaxerxes Mnemon B. It is, however, a cause of keen regret that the three books of Babylonian or Chaldean History, by Berosus, have come down from the past only in scanty excerpts of later historians.
Berosus was a Babylonian priest of the god Bel, and wrote his work for the Macedonian ruler of Babylonia, Antiochus Soter, about B. As the cuneiform writing was still employed, he must have been able to use the original documents, and could have supplied just the needed data for our knowledge.
Still, the passages preserved indicate that he had no proper conception of his task, since he filled a large part of his book with mythical stories of creation and incredible tales of primitive history, with its prediluvian dynasties of hundreds of thousands of years.
A postdiluvian dynasty of thirty-four thousand ninety-one years prepares the way for five dynasties, reaching to Nabonassar, king of Babylon B. Imperfect and crude as this work must have been, it was by far the most trustworthy and important compendious account of Babylonio-Assyrian history furnished by an ancient author, and for that reason would, even to-day, be highly valued.
A still more useful contribution to the chronological framework of history was made by Ptolemy, a geographer and astronomer of the time of the Roman Emperor, Antoninus Pius.
Ptolemy's "Canon of Kings," compiled for astronomical purposes, starts with the same Nabonassar at whose time Berosus begins to expand his history, and continues with the names and regnal years of the Babylonian kings to the fall of Babylon. Since Ptolemy proceeds with the list through the Persian, Macedonian, and Roman regnal lines in continuous succession, and connects the era of Nabonassar with those of Philip Arridaeus and Augustus, a synchronism with dates of the Christian era is established, by which the reign of Nabonassar can be fixed at B.
By this means, not only is a chronological basis of special value laid for this later age of Babylonian history, but a starting- point is given for working backward into the earlier periods, provided that adequate data can be secured from other sources.From age 19 to age 26, when I married, I always sat on the fence when caught between two men and waited for one to make the decision for me and drop out.
A history of ancient Babylon (Babylonia) including its cities, laws, kings and legacy to civilization. Part Two. Part Three.
Part Four. Part Five. How have four poems “aroused emotions” in you? What have you learnt about war and the emotions associated with it? What have you learnt about war and the emotions associated with it? War is a part of our world and has been since the beginning of time.
WebMD takes a look at what makes us dream and helps unravel the mysteries behind dreams. Some experts say we dream at least four to six times per night.
Some experts say dreams have no. By Betty Christiansen.
At first glance, Gwendolyn and I have little in common. She’s in her twenties; I’m in my forties. I have a house; she has an efficiency apartment with a shared bath. Emotions have been categorized, with some relationships existing between emotions and some direct opposites existing.
Graham differentiates emotions as functional or dysfunctional and argues all functional emotions have benefits.