Charlotte is a young girl who stopped laughing when she was five and suffered from grand mal seizures weekly.
Predicting a coin toss A good rule would be to ask whether a reasonable would think that the analogy made sense even if she did not already believe in the conclusion. But analogies that are merely vivid, without being apt can never make logically compelling arguments.
Just so you know, an argument that uses an analogy that is vivid without being apt commits the fallacy of false analogy. Only one of the following statements is true. Which one is it? Analogies are powerful arguments. The most vivid analogies are very convincing and give good logical reasons to believe the conclusion.
An analogy that is vivid without being apt is always a bad analogy. For the following arguments, try to determine whether the analogy used is vivid or apt or neither or both. Answers at end of chapter. I would suggest that you start each exercise by thinking about how the image makes you feel.
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I cannot believe they teach socialism in the University. Drug use is a matter of behavior control. Saddam Hussein was a lot like Stalin. Both were vicious dictators with their hands on weapons of mass destruction.
Both were self-important megalomaniacs. Both were extremely cruel to anyone who comes in their power. Deterrence kept Stalin bottled up behind the iron curtain until he died.
We have absolutely no reason to think that deterrence would not have kept Saddam similarly bottled up.
Thus we had no reason to go to war when we did.
Contrary to what former presidents Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan and much of the American population believed, the effects of legalizing drugs and declaring the "War on Drugs have been far more detrimental to the wellbeing of the nation than if all of the drugs on the Controlled Substance Act (CSA) were made legal or even decriminalized. Morse v. Frederick, U.S. (), was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held, 5–4, that the First Amendment does not prevent educators from suppressing, at or across the street from a school-supervised event, student speech that is reasonably viewed as promoting illegal drug use.. In , Juneau-Douglas High . Persuasive essay on legalizing all drugs. Facebook. Twitter. Google+. Pinterest. Short essay on save water save electricity dissertation plan dialectique intro, orange county song and dance review essay haym soloveitchik collected essays of ralph soneto de sor juana ines dela cruz analysis essay.
Just as the state has the right to decide who may or may not drive a car, it has the right to decide who may or may not have a baby.
Good and Bad Analogy Arguments What is special about empirical analogy arguments is that they only work if the similarity between the two objects being compared is extremely strong in areas that are relevant to the issue being settled.
Relevant similarities make the argument stronger. Relevant differences make the argument weaker. So the thing to do when evaluating an analogy argument is to pay attention to relevant similarities and differences, and ignore irrelevant ones.
Unfortunately, analogies are also a powerful instrument of persuasion, even in instances where they actually carry no weight. Our beliefs about the premise thingy are often so strong that merely associating it with the conclusion thingy can be enough to convince us that the analogy is correct even if the two things actually have nothing to do with each other.
To my mind, analogies nicely encapsulate the basic problem of cutting through rhetoric. They often have a powerful effect on our imaginations, but they are also often complete rubbish. Usually, but not always. Once in a while, an analogy argument is actually convincing. So your problem, as a critical thinker, is to ignore the vividness of the image presented by the analogy, and concentrate on whether the facts presented actually comprise a logically compelling argument for the arguers conclusion.
Just like critical thinking in general, evaluating analogy arguments requires you to ignore the powerful effect that images can have on your emotions and imagination, and to carefully and impersonally trace out the implications of whatever facts are actually present.
Remember that the premise thingy is the thing that is known to have the property, and the conclusion thingy is the thing that the arguer wants you to believe has the property. Does the premise thingy really have the property? The basic way to assess the strength of an analogy is to think about how the conclusion thingy is similar to the premise thingy.
If the two things are only similar in a way that has nothing to do with the property, then the analogy is no good.
If the two things are similar in a relevant way, but also have some important differences that are relevant to the property, then the analogy is no good. If the two things are relatively similar, and have no relevant differences, you still have to think about whether they are similar enough to make the analogy work.
This kind of reasoning is basically a series of judgment calls, and the only way to get good at it is to practice. Criticizing An Analogy Argument The most obvious response to an anlogy argument is to try to break the analogy.
You succeed in doing so if you can show that the two things compared in the analogy are not similar enough to make the argument work.Effectiveness of Substance Abuse Control Methodologies - Substance abuse is a grim issue that affects the Canadian inmate population; it can be defined as overindulgence in or dependence on an addictive substance, especially alcohol or drugs.
Morse v. Frederick, U.S. (), was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held, 5–4, that the First Amendment does not prevent educators from suppressing, at or across the street from a school-supervised event, student speech that is reasonably viewed as promoting illegal drug use..
In , Juneau-Douglas High . Analogies, and Analogy Arguments. If you print this page, you can also download and print the practice/makeup exercises.
(Make sure the document margins are set to inches or narrower.). CBD Oil is all the rage now in the medical community because of its phenomenal success in the management and treatment of disorders and diseases that used to be of no cure. inaugurated and sworn in as the forty-fourth president of the United States of America.
The tradition of being inaugurated requires the president to give a speech about the goals they want to reach during their presidency. Contrary to what former presidents Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan and much of the American population believed, the effects of legalizing drugs and declaring the "War on Drugs have been far more detrimental to the wellbeing of the nation than if all of the drugs on the Controlled Substance Act (CSA) were made legal or even decriminalized.