Effects of Holi festival What is Holi festival?
Vishnu legend[ edit ] There is a symbolic legend to explain why Holi is celebrated as a festival of colours in the honour of Hindu god Vishnu and his follower Prahlada.
King Hiranyakashipu, according to a legend found in chapter 7 of Bhagavata Purana  was the king of demonic Asurasand had earned a boon that gave him five special powers: Hiranyakashipu grew arrogant, thought he was God, and demanded that everyone worship only him.
He was and remained devoted to Vishnu. He subjected Prahlada to cruel punishments, none of which affected the boy or his resolve to do what he thought was right.
As the fire roared, the cloak flew from Holika and encased Prahlada,  who survived while Holika burned. Vishnu, the god who appears as an avatar to restore Dharma in Hindu beliefs, took the form of Narasimha - half human and half lion, at dusk when it was neither day nor nighttook Hiranyakashyapu at Pollution form during holi festival doorstep which was neither indoors nor outdoorsplaced him on his lap which was neither land, water nor airand then eviscerated and killed the king with his lion claws which were neither a handheld weapon nor a launched weapon.
The festivities officially usher in spring, with Holi celebrated as a festival of love. As a baby, Krishna developed his characteristic dark skin colour because the she-demon Putana poisoned him with her breast milk. His mother, tired of the desperation, asks him to approach Radha and colour her face in any colour he wanted.
This he does, and Radha and Krishna became a couple. The love god shoots arrows at Shiva, the yogi opens his third eye and burns Kama to ashes. Rati performs her own meditative asceticism for forty days, upon which Shiva understands, forgives out of compassion and restores the god of love.
This return of the god of love, is celebrated on the 40th day after Vasant Panchami festival as Holi. It is the festive day to end and rid oneself of past errors, to end conflicts by meeting others, a day to forget and forgive.
People pay or forgive debts, as well as deal anew with those in their lives. Holi also marks the start of spring, for many the start of the new year, an occasion for people to enjoy the changing seasons and make new friends.
The extension started the day after the Holi festival in Anandpur Sahibwhere Sikh soldiers would train in mock battles, compete in horsemanship, athletics, archery and military exercises. According to a report by Tribune India, Sikh court records state that mounds of colours were used in by Ranjit Singh and his officials in Lahore.
Ranjit Singh would celebrate Holi with others in the Bilawal gardens, where decorative tents were set up. After the death of Ranjit Singh, his Sikh sons and others continued to play Holi every year with colours and lavish festivities. The colonial British officials joined these celebrations.
To many Hindus and some non-Hindus, it is a playful cultural event and an excuse to throw coloured water at friends or strangers in jest. It is also observed broadly in the Indian subcontinent. Holi is celebrated at the end of winter, on the last full moon day of the Hindu luni-solar calendar month marking the spring, making the date vary with the lunar cycle.
Gujia a stuffed wrapRight: Thandai almonds-based chilled drink to which sometimes intoxicating "bhang" is added. In 17th century literature, it was identified as a festival that celebrated agriculture, commemorated good spring harvests and the fertile land.
To many Hindus, Holi festivities mark the beginning of the new year as well as an occasion to reset and renew ruptured relationships, end conflicts and rid themselves of accumulated emotional impurities from the past.
People gather near fires, sing and dance. The festival of colours in these parts is called Rangapanchami, and occurs on the fifth day after Poornima full moon.
Various old editions of Oxford English Dictionary mention it, but with varying, phonetically derived spellings: HoulyHoolyHuliHohleeHooleeand Holi in editions published after Holika Dahan Shops start selling colours for Holi in the days and weeks beforehand Days before the festival people start gathering wood and combustible materials for the bonfire in parks, community centers, near temples and other open spaces.
On top of the pyre is an effigy to signify Holika who tricked Prahalad into the fire. Inside homes, people stock up on pigments, food, party drinks and festive seasonal foods such as gujiyamathrimalpuas and other regional delicacies.
Holika dahan On the eve of Holi, typically at or after sunset, the pyre is lit, signifying Holika Dahan. The ritual symbolises the victory of good over evil. People gather around the fire to sing and dance.
There is no tradition of holding puja prayerand the day is for partying and pure enjoyment. Children and young people form groups armed with dry colours, coloured solution and water guns pichkariswater balloons filled with coloured water, and other creative means to colour their targets.
This ritual is called Lath Mar Holi.
All colours are used. People throw colours and get their targets completely coloured up.Aerosol pollution and its impact on regional climate during Holi festival inferred from ground-based and satellite remote sensing observations. 15 Pages. Aerosol pollution and its impact on regional climate during Holi festival inferred from ground-based and satellite remote sensing observations.
The Holi Festival Of Colours tour is back with a bang and will be more colourful than ever! The use of heavy metal-based pigments during Holi is also reported to cause temporary wastewater pollution, with the water systems recovering to pre-festival levels within 5 days.
 Flammability [ edit ]. Friends form groups on Holi, play drums and music, sing and dance, as they move from one stop to another. During Holi in Punjab, The use of heavy metal-based pigments during Holi is also reported to cause temporary wastewater pollution, with the water systems recovering to pre-festival levels within 5 days.
Krishna is the primary deity worshipped during the festival of Holi: The divine love of Radha for Krishna makes Holi a festival of love. Lord Shiva manifested in the form of a Linga on Maha Shivaratri, and thus the day is regarded as extremely auspicious.
It’s believed that sincere worship of Lord Shiva on Maha Shivaratri—Lord Shiva’s.
During Holi festival Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, Particulate matter levels go high which causes poor air quality. Also on this auspicious day participants also burst fireworks which release harmful gases and toxic substances into the air which can be measured by air quality monitoring.