SHARE As a woman and a psychologist who has treated women and couples in the last two decades, I find that as I get older, I make a lot more comments to both male and female patients about how the sexes differ.
Multimedia Fifty years after the Equal Pay Act, the male-female salary gap has narrowed in many occupations. Studies have documented salary differences across clinical settings for diverse cohorts of physicians 23 and higher salaries for male registered nurses RNs.
The objective of this study was to examine salaries of males and females in nursing over time and to include a more recent sample. The sample consisted of full-time employed RNs working 50 or more weeks per year and 35 hours or more per week.
The outcome variable of annual salary was measured continuously in both surveys. Using ordinary least-squares regression and employment information in the NSSRN, we assessed how much of the annual salary differences could be accounted for by demographic factors, work hours, experience, work setting, clinical specialty, job position, survey year, state of residence, and other factors.
Analyses were performed using Stata version The study was deemed exempt by a research ethics board. The mean age was 42 years SD, The mean age was 45 years SD, No statistically significant changes in female vs male salary were found over time.
The American Community Survey outcome data were not adjusted due to the limited availability of explanatory variables.
All continuous variables were mean centered. Orthopedics was the only nonsignificant clinical specialty. Senior academic was the only nonsignificant job position. Survey weights were applied to make results nationally representative.
Salary amounts reflect dollars and were normalized using the consumer price index. Discussion Male RNs outearned female RNs across settings, specialties, and positions with no narrowing of the pay gap over time. About half of the gap was accounted for by employment and other measured characteristics.
This gap is similar in magnitude to the salary differences found for physicians. The roles of RNs are expanding with implementation of the Affordable Care Act and emphasis on team-based care delivery.
A salary gap by gender is especially important in nursing because this profession is the largest in health care and is predominantly female, affecting approximately 2. These results may motivate nurse employers, including physicians, to examine their pay structures and act to eliminate inequities.
Zylke, MD, Deputy Editor. Back to top Article Information Corresponding Author: Dr Muench had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Study concept and design: Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Drafting of the manuscript: Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content:Male public school teachers earn between 10 to 13 percent more than females, on average, and a little more than half of this difference is accounted for by differences in the characteristics of .
Salary Differences Between Male and Female Registered Nurses in the United States. Ulrike The objective of this study was to examine salaries of males and females in nursing over time and to include a more recent sample.
The gender pay gap persists. Women earn cents for every dollar earned by men. In other words, the median salary for women is roughly 22 percent lower than the median salary for men into However, after adjusting for choices made by male and female workers in college major, occupation, working hours, and parental leave, multiple studies find that pay rates between males and females varied by 5–% or, females earning 94 cents to every dollar earned by their male counterparts.
The first is the actual difference in variables as shown by the difference in mean values between males and females – a part that is explained by group differences in productivity characteristics such as education, work experience and unpaid overtime.
Gender differences in employment and why they matter (box continues on next page) BOX Closing the access gap—Recent advances in female labor force participation Over the past quarter century, women have joined the labor market.