Monday, 10 December Situational power In one of the management models there is the concept of situational power. A person, who might be very low down on the foodchain could have absolute power in certain situations, overriding those who are much higher in the hierarchy. For instance, a bouncer could refuse entrance when approached by a top hotshot. The rules are about counter-terrorism and safety measure, the places are a few London airports and the times vary
When dealing with people, remember you are not dealing with creatures of logic, but with creatures of emotion, creatures with prejudice and motivated by pride and vanity. Dale Carnegie Throughout its history, humankind has been motivated to war, terrorism, ethnic cleansing, genocide, racist hysteria, religious intolerance and extremism, mass suicide and many other forms of irrational and pathological behaviour.
Accordingly, each and every individual contributes and expresses a set of distinctive personal attributes to a given situation. However, each specific situation also brings a unique set of forces to bear on an individual, compelling him or her to act in different ways in different situations.
Research has proven that circumstances are more a power determinant of individual behavior than our own intuitions lead us to believe.
Finally, people tend not to simply react to the objective characteristics of situation, but rather to their own personal versions of them. The field of social psychology research may be divided into two distinct fields: A better understanding of these two broad fields of social psychology may grant us insight into the behavioural fissures that occur among and within people who, ultimately as imperfect information processors, may be persuaded to violate their own rationality, beliefs, values, and emotions.
According to Robert V. According to Le Bon, such breakdowns tend to cause crowds to commit destructive acts that few individuals would commit when acting alone i. The central idea within deindividuation is that: Cognitive dissonance Leon Festinger defines cognitive dissonance theory as an impetus toward attaining a cognitive consistency and certainty.
Cognitive dissonance implies a state in which two cognitions or thoughts are in conflict with one another, or are somewhat inconsistent with one another, which will lead the individual to feel discomfort.
The sensation of discomfort in turn will induce the individual to remove the inconsistency causing him or her discomfort, and seek to balance the cognitions until a harmonious state is reached.
For example, one attitude-behaviour discrepancies is hypocrisy — e. Ideological justification Stanley Milgram succinctly observed that in certain occasions the division of labour in a society demands that individuals willingly subordinate their independent actions to serve the greater good of the larger community.
We may ask what motivated the extremists to hijack the airplanes and commit such an act? One of the answers or possible interpretation could be found in the fact that the extremists who become suicide hijackers believe that through such an act they would earn their place in paradise.
By fulfilling the directives of Osama bin Laden, hijackers would become martyrs, which would automatically earn them a place in heaven.
Another question we may ask is why people adopt a particular ideology? In part, we may say that people choose to accept certain ideology because essentially those particular belief systems help them meet their psychological needs, but also it helps them understand; predict and possibly rationalise their current societal arrangements; and even realise potential alternatives to those arrangements.Temporary numerical advantage in players during a team sport.
In several team sports, situations arise where following a rules infraction, one team is penalized by having the number of players on the field of play temporarily regardbouddhiste.com term power play is commonly applied to the state of advantage the unpenalized team enjoys during this time..
Specialized tactics and strategies can apply. Noun. She used her political clout to have another school built. gave the stubborn handle a solid clout to make it turn.
Verb. He clouted 19 home runs last year. He'll clout . If power were a prescription drug, it would come with a long list of known side effects. It can intoxicate. It can corrupt. It can even make Henry Kissinger believe that he’s sexually magnetic.
Her TED Talk has been viewed more than 30 million times, with "power posing" popping up on television shows like "Grey's Anatomy." But make no mistake, Cuddy's work is grounded in science. There are lots of actions that we take and reactions that we have, seemingly out of our normal character, that are directly related to situational circumstances and if the situation were any different, our actions and or reactions would have been different as well.
God bless us/10(16). A Daily Dose of Discovery. Research suggests that experiencing novelty is an important factor in both health and happiness.
Opportunities for novelty exist virtually everywhere, but to discover and make the most of them, we need to develop our “curiosity muscle” through more regular and intense use.